Maximising tyre life makes good economic sense, as well as improving safety and reducing environmental impacts. While some causes of accelerated wear and deterioration can be prevented, others cannot. All should be recognised.
Effects of tyre pressure and road conditions on tyre life
Two factors that have the greatest effect on tyre performance and life are tyre pressures and road conditions.
Correct tyre pressure for the load it carries is vital. Incorrect pressures can be dangerous as well as costly.
In an ideal world, tyres would only be used at their correct pressures and on flat motorways which are perfectly surfaced with good tarmac. That would allow them to realise 100 per cent of their working life expectancy. In the real world we encounter many road surfaces and situations that reduce tyre life, including corners, steep hills, badly made roads and routes that require more use of brakes.
Tyre deterioration through misuse and poor maintenance
A frequent cause of early tyre deterioration and failure is mis-use through bad driving. Riding kerbs, excessive braking and harsh cornering can all lead to excessive tyre wear and damage. Bad driving habits cost money. Poor vehicle maintenance and using a vehicle with damaged or worn components, particularly in steering and suspension lines, can lead to uneven and premature tyre wear or failure.
Tyre deterioration through age
Tyres deteriorate naturally and unavoidably with age. This shows as cracking of the sidewalls of the tread rubber.
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